Birthstones, Part III

September – Sapphire

Radiant cut sapphire

The word “sapphire” is Greek for blue, and when people envision sapphires they immediately think of a stunning violet-blue gemstone. Blue sapphires, ranging from very light to very dark greenish or violet-blue, represent a promise of honesty, loyalty, purity and trust. Sapphires are not only blue, however, as they can be found in pink, purple, green, orange or yellow. Sapphires are found in many parts of the world, but the most prized stones are from Myanmar.


October – Tourmaline

Tourmaline.
Attribution: Rob Lavinsky,
 iRocks.com – CC-BY-SA-3.0
Tourmaline, often referred to as the ‘gemstone of the rainbow,’ comes in a large variety of colors. The reason for all the colors, according to an Egyptian legend, is that the stone passed through a rainbow on its way up from the center of the earth, assuming all of the colors of the rainbow. Magical powers have been attributed to tourmaline since ancient times, as it is said to be the gemstone of firm and long-lasting love and friendship. Tourmaline is found in many localities including Brazil, Afghanistan, East Africa, and the USA.

November – Topaz and Citrine

Topaz.
Attribution: Rob Lavinsky,
iRocks.com – CC-BY-SA-3.0
The Ancient Egyptians and Romans associated topaz with the sun god, giving it the power to protect and heal. Topaz is a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors, including yellow, pink, purple, orange, and the many popular blue tones. Naturally blue topaz is very rare, but has become the most common color due to man’s ability to enhance the color of the stones.

Topaz can be found in many locations, including Russia, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Czech Republic, Germany, Norway, Pakistan, Italy, Sweden, Japan, Brazil, Mexico; Flinders Island, Australia; Nigeria and the United States.

Citrine
Citrine, known as the “healing quartz,” is said to be a gift from the sun. This golden gemstone is said to support vitality and health while encouraging and guiding hope, energy and warmth within the wearer. Citrine can be found in a variety of shades ranging from pastel yellow to dark brownish orange. Citrine is found most frequently in Brazil, Bolivia, and Spain.

December – Tanzanite

Tanzanite

Tanzanite, once considered a less expensive substitute for sapphire, is found in one place in the world, the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. Discovered in the late 1960s in Tanzania, this stone exhibits a rich violet-blue color for which the gemstone is treasured; often it is heat-treated to achieve this color. Colors range from blue to purple, although tanzanite is rarely a pure blue, but almost always displaying overtones of purple.

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